Chicago Referencing (16th ed.)

From 2019, Unitec specifies that Chicago 17th ed be used.

From 2019, Unitec specifies that Chicago 17th ed be used.

From 2019, Unitec specifies that Chicago 17th ed be used.

If you are using 16th ed. for your research please discuss with your lecturer or supervisor. Academic staff can give guidance on what is required. Please refer to the University of Western Australia's guide to Chicago 17th while Unitec's own guide is being created.

DVDs or Videos

At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a bibliography containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.


Film on DVD/Video


   Midnight Cowboy, directed by John Schlesinger (1969; Santa Monica: MGM Home Entertainment, 1998), DVD.


Midnight Cowboy, Directed by John Schlesinger. 1969; Santa Monica: MGM

     Home Entertainment, 1998. DVD.


Documentary on Videocassette


   Housing Density in Auckland, directed by Kotisch Hudson (Auckland: Unitec, 2001), Videocassette (VHS).


Housing Density in Auckland. Video. Directed by Kotisch Hudson. Auckland:

     Unitec, 2001. Videocassette (VHS), 29 min.


Things to remember

Authors' names : Use the Director of a film in the place of the author.


Dates of Films : When referencing from a video or DVD you must quote the original release date of the film or documentary along with the date the video was produced.  If these dates are the same the original release date can be omitted.


Italics : Only the film title should be in italics. 


Capitalization : All major words in the film's title should be capitalized.