What is Copyright?
Copyright refers to the rights of an author or creator and are automatically given to control the copying, distribution and adaptation of their work. Users of copyright works must restrict their use to that permitted by the Copyright Act 1994 or specific license agreements or specific permissions given by authors/creators.
Copyright does not have to be registered and the copyright symbol does not have to appear on a work for it to be protected by copyright.
Works protected by copyright:
In New Zealand, the categories of protected works are defined in section 2 of the Copyright Act and are as follows.
How Long Does Copyright last?
For most works copyright lasts for 50 years from the end of the year of the death of the author. However there are some exceptions to this. For more detail on duration of copyright for different types of works see sections 22-25 of the Copyright Act and the Copyright Licensing NZ Knowledge Base
The Copyright Act 1994 (section 49) allows anything to be done for the purposes of an examination. This can involve setting the questions, communicating the questions to candidates, or answering the questions.
Staff and students may copy anything for the purposes of examination. Examinations include any work which counts towards a student’s final grade in a course, including assignments and theses. However note that this exception does not allow the work to subsequently be made publicly available.
You must acknowledge where your material comes from. (Copyright Act 1994)
You should include in any acknowledgment the elements below. Please check your referencing style for examples of other materials.
|For an Edited Book Chapter||For a Journal Article||For a Website|
|Author(s) of chapter||Author(s) of article||Author(s) of the page|
|Chapter title||Article title||Title of webpage|
|Editor(s) of the book||Name of the journal||Publication date|
|Book title||Year of publication||URL|
|Year of publication||Volume|
|Place of publication||Pages of the article|
|Pages of the chapter|
For copyright assistance contact your School's Subject Librarian in the first instance. More complex matters can be escalated to Unitec's Copyright Officer at email@example.com or Unitec's in-house Legal Counsel.
If you have permission from a copyright owner for specific copying please forward the email or letter giving permission to firstname.lastname@example.org