Chicago Referencing (17th ed.)

A guide to the latest version of Chicago Referencing

Things to remember

Authors' names :

FootnotesAll authors' names should be First Name, Initial, Surname  e.g. Eliza T. Dresang.

Bibliography: First author should be inverted as Surname, First Name, Initial e.g.  Burnett, Kathleen. Additional authors should be First Name, Initial,, Surname  e.g. Burnett, Kathleen and Eliza T. Dresang.

 

Editors' names : If you are referencing the whole book, the format for the editors' names should be the same as for an author in both the footnote and the bibliography. If, however, you are referencing a chapter of an edited book the editor's name should be First Name, Initial, Surname. eg. edited by Paul M. Angle and Mary Stewart van Leeuwen 

 

Italics : Only the book title should be in italics.  If you are referencing a chapter in a book, the title of the chapter should not be in italics but should be surrounded by quote marks "....".

 

Capitalization : All major words in titles and subtitles should be capitalized.

 

Splitting a URL : If your URL needs to be split do not insert a hyphen. Break the URL before a punctuation mark.  Do not add a full stop at the end of URL as this may appear to be part of the URL and cause retrieval problems. URL links should not be live/linked, though Word makes them so as a default (to avoid this right click on the live link and select "Remove Hyperlink".) 

Long Footnotes & Shortened Footnotes

The referencing examples provided include a Long Footnote, a Shortened Footnote and a Bibliography entry.  

The first time you cite a source (book, website, journal article etc.), you should use a Long Footnote.

Any subsequent times you cite that source, you can use a Short Footnote.  

If you need assistance with Chicago referencing, please get in touch with the Student Learning & Achievement team for help.

Referencing Magazine Articles
This section gives examples for how to reference magazine articles (non-scholarly periodical articles).  While journals are normally cited by volume, issue and date, magazines are normally cited by date alone.  If in doubt whether a particular periodical should be treated as a journal or as a magazine, use journal form if the volume and issue number are easily located, magazine form if not.  

Magazine Article from the Internet

Note: Magazine articles from the Internet commonly don't have page numbers.  Page numbers should be used when available, but are not essential.  For how to insert page numbers, see 'Magazine Article in Print' below.

Long Footnote

   1. Justine Harvey, "Urban Living,"  Houses, September 2017, https://architecturenow.co.nz/articles/urban-living/.

Shortened Footnote

   2. Harvey, "Urban Living,".

Bibliography

Harvey, Justine. "Urban Living." Houses, September 2017. https://architecturenow.co.nz/articles/urban-living/.

Note: If your original source has a full date, use it - e.g. New Yorker, April 24, 2019 (followed by the URL)

 

Magazine Article from a Library Database e.g. EBSCO

Long Footnote

   1. Tracey Ingram, "Is Up the Only Way to Go?," Frame, December 2018, EBSCO Art & Architecture Complete.

Shortened Footnote

   2. Ingram, "Is Up the Only Way to Go?," 134.

Bibliography

Ingram, Tracey. "Is Up the Only Way to Go?." Frame, December 2018. EBSCO Art & Architecture Complete.  

Note: If your original source has a full date, use it - e.g. New Yorker, April 24, 2019 (followed by the URL)

 

Magazine Article in Print

Long Footnote

   1. Rebecca Gross, "Architectural Origami," Urbis, August 2018, 106.

Shortened Footnote

   2. Gross, "Architectural Origami," 106.

Bibliography

Gross, Rebecca. "Architectural Origami." Urbis, August 2018, 100-109. 

Note: If your original source has a full date, use it - e.g. New Yorker, April 24, 2019 (followed by the URL)

Referencing Newspaper Articles
This section gives examples of how to reference newspaper articles.

Note: Generally, page numbers are not needed for newspaper articles.  

Newspaper Article from the Internet

   1. Colleen Hawkes, "15 of the Best Quotes from Architectural Genius Frank Lloyd Wright,"  Stuff, June 23, 2017, https://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/homed/latest/94006115/15-of-the-best-quotes-from-architectural-genius-frank-lloyd-wright.

Shortened Footnote

   2. Hawkes, "15 of the Best Quotes.".

Bibliography

Hawkes, Colleen. "15 of the Best Quotes from Architectural Genius Frank Lloyd Wright." Stuff, June 23, 2017, https://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/homed/latest/94006115/15-of-the-best-quotes-from-architectural-genius-frank-lloyd-wright.

 

Newspaper Article from a Library Database e.g. EBSCO

Long Footnote

   1. Kate Jones, "Architecture to Soothe the Soul," Age (Melbourne), December 1, 2018, EBSCO Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre.

Shortened Footnote

   2. Jones, "Architecture to Soothe the Soul.".

Bibliography

Jones, Kate. "Architecture to Soothe the Soul." Age (Melbourne), December 1, 2018. EBSCO Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre.

Notes: 1) Omit 'the' from the titles of newspapers .

2) If needed to differentiate it, you can add the place name in brackets after the newspaper name (as done here).

 

Newspaper Article in Print

Long Footnote

   1. Colin Taylor, "New Weave for Woollen Mills," New Zealand Herald, May 25, 2019.

Shortened Footnote

    2. Taylor, "New Weave,".

Bibliography

Taylor, Colin. "New Weave for Woollen Mills." New Zealand Herald, May 25, 2019.

Note: Page number is not usually required.

Special Types of Newspaper Article

Article in regular section in newspaper e.g. a special magazine

Long Footnote

   1. Karen McCartney, "Indoors: Designing Something from Scratch is Not for the Faint Hearted," Domain, Sydney Morning Herald, May 17, 2019, https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/indoors-designing-something-from-scratch-is-not-for-the-fainthearted-20190422-h1donk.html.

Shortened Footnote

   2. McCartney, "Indoors.".

Bibliography

McCartney, Karen. "Indoors: Designing Something from Scratch is Not for the Faint Hearted." Domain, Sydney Morning Herald, May 17, 2019. https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/indoors-designing-something-from-scratch-is-not-for-the-fainthearted-20190422-h1donk.html.

Note: Adding a page number for a magazine publication inside a newspaper is acceptable if desired.

 

Editorial

Long Footnote

   1. "Is It Time of a Kiwibuild Switch?," editorial, Otago Daily Times, April 26, 2019, https://www.odt.co.nz/opinion/editorial/it-time-kiwibuildswitchc_id=1&objectid=12222573.

Shortened Footnote

   2. "Kiwibuild Switch.".

Bibliography

"Is it Time of a Kiwibuild Switch?." Editorial, Otago Daily Times, April 26, 2019. https://www.odt.co.nz/opinion/editorial/it-time-kiwibuildswitchc_id=1&objectid=12222573.

 

Letter to the Editor

Long Footnote

   1. Rex Nicholls, "Reopen the Town Hall," letter to the editor, Dominion Post, April 10, 2015, https://www.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/comment/67690004/.

Shortened Footnote

   2. Nicholls, "Reopen the Town Hall.".

Bibliography

Nicholls, Rex. "Reopen the Town Hall." Letter to the Editor, Dominion Post, April 10, 2015. https://www.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/comment/67690004/.

Important notes to be aware of

Please be aware of the following important note when using Chicago Referencing (17th ed.)

Note 1: Don't use Ibid in Chicago 17th

In Chicago 16th edition and earlier, it was ok to use Ibid (from the Latin ibidem meaning "in the same place") when you are citing a source that is the same as the immediate previous footnote.  In Chicago 17th, this is discouraged.  You should use a short footnote  (The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., section 14.34, 759).

Note 2: Don't use the 3-em dash for multiple works by one author

In Chicago 16th edition and earlier, it was ok to use a 3-em dash (------) in your Bibliography list if you had multiple works by one author.  In Chicago 17th, you should not do this.  Instead, you should list the author's name/s for all bibliography citation entries.