Long Footnotes & Shortened Footnotes
The referencing examples provided include a Long Footnote, a Shortened Footnote and a Bibliography entry.
The first time you cite a source (book, website, journal article etc.), you should use a Long Footnote.
Any subsequent times you cite that source, you can use a Short Footnote.
If you need assistance with Chicago referencing, please get in touch with the Learning Advisors team for help.
This page gives examples of how to reference reports. Reports may include government, corporate or organisational reports.
Note: For information on how to handle multiple authors, see the 'Referencing Books' tab.
Note: If the report lists a clear publication place and publisher, include that in the citation (putting the information in brackets (like the example for 'Print Report'). If there is no clear publication place, and publisher, you can leave it out (like the example for 'Online Report').
1. BRE Trust and Cyril Sweett, Putting a Price on Sustainability (Watford, United Kingdom: BRE Bookshop, 2005), 19.
2. BRE Trust and Cyril Sweett, Putting a Price on Sustainability, 19.
1. Price Waterhouse Coopers, The Value of Design to New Zealand, July 2017, 40, https://mro.massey.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10179/13020/Final%20-%20PwC%20-%20The%20value%20of%20design%20to%20New%20Zealand%20report%20%2821%20July%2017%29.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.
2. Price Waterhouse Coopers, Value of Design, 40.
Report with Named Authors
1. I. McChesney, I. Cox-Smith, and L. Armitrano, Thermal Insulation in New Zealand Homes: A Status Report, a Report for Beacon Pathway Ltd, March 2008, 29, http://www.beaconpathway.co.nz/images/uploads/Final_Report_TE210_Thermal_Insulation_in_NZ.pdf.
1. McChesney, Cox-Smith and Armitrano, Thermal Insulation in New Zealand Homes, 29.
1. New Zealand Registered Architects Board, 2016/17 Annual Report, October 2018, 9, https://www.nzrab.nz/Editable/Assets/AnnualReports/2017_NZRAB_Annual_Report.pdf.
1. NZ Registered Architects Board, 2016/17 Annual Report, 9.
Report which includes a report number
1. N. R. Buckett, Advanced Residential Construction Techniques: Opportunities and Implications for New Zealand. Study Report SR311 (Judgeford, New Zealand: BRANZ, 2014), 41. https://www.branz.co.nz/cms_show_download.php?id=4a8fe57f274e0906d2c312acc538db1187fa89d7.
2. Buckett, Advanced Residential Construction Techniques, 41.
Please be aware of the following important note when using Chicago Referencing (17th ed.)
Note 1: Don't use Ibid in Chicago 17th
In Chicago 16th edition and earlier, it was ok to use Ibid (from the Latin ibidem meaning "in the same place") when you are citing a source that is the same as the immediate previous footnote. In Chicago 17th, this is discouraged. You should use a short footnote (The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., section 14.34, 759).
Note 2: Don't use the 3-em dash for multiple works by one author
In Chicago 16th edition and earlier, it was ok to use a 3-em dash (------) in your Bibliography list if you had multiple works by one author. In Chicago 17th, you should not do this. Instead, you should list the author's name/s for all bibliography citation entries.