Chicago Referencing (17th ed.)

A guide to the latest version of Chicago Referencing

Why You Need to Reference

Staff and students of Unitec are responsible for acknowledging the sources they use when writing research articles, books, assignments and projects. You must acknowledge what you have read in order to avoid plagiarism, so that:

  • readers of your work can find the original sources you used
  • the authors/creators of the original sources you used are given credit for their work
  • your own research and ideas are clearly evident and you are given credit for your work
  • your work has credibility in the larger realm of scholarly knowledge

Following Chicago 17th style, there are two parts to acknowledging another's work within your own:

  1. You use a footnote number in your text with details of the footnote at the bottom of that page.
  2. You provide the complete information about the source at the end of your work in the form of a bibliography.

The School of Architecture at Unitec requires you to use Chicago Style 17th ed. for citations and references. Your lecturers will introduce you to Chicago referencing early in your studies.

Examples of citations and references using Chicago 17th Style are found in this guide. 


What is Plagiarism?

Unitec considers plagiarism to be a serious academic offence. Unitec's Academic Statute 2005 (Part E. 1.01 (b)) defines plagiarism as "the act of taking and using another person's thoughts, ideas, writings, inventions or work as one's own without proper acknowledgement" and includes:

i. copying the work of another student;
ii. directly copying any part of another's work, including
information obtained from the internet;
iii. summarising another's work;
iv. using experimental results obtained by another"

Consequences of Plagiarism

If you are caught plagiarising, there are a range of disciplinary actions that can be taken against you from a reduced grade for the assignment to being excluded from any Unitec programme of study.

How do I avoid plagiarism?

Take careful notes of where you find your information and always acknowledge the work of others, whether it be:

  • selections of text
  • quotations
  • graphics
  • tables
  • figures
  • graphs or diagrams

If you:

  • make photocopies from books or journal articles
  • print out articles from databases, web pages
  • scan graphs, diagrams, photographs, artwork

Remember to note down the details you will need to cite the information in your assignment. The details you need may differ depending on what bibliographic style your department requires, but the minimal information to record should include:

You may find it useful to use bibliographic management software like Zotero or Mendeley to manage your references and citations.