APA 6th referencing

A guide to APA referencing (6th edition). APA stands for American Psychological Association

DVDs, Videos, CD-ROMS

At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a reference list containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.


Film on DVD/Video

Rivera, J. (Producer), & Docter, P. (Director). (2002). Monsters Inc. [Motion Picture]. California, CA: Buena  Vista Home Entertainment.

In text citation (Rivera & Docter, 2002)


Online Video clip (e.g. YouTube)

A video taken from a website such as YouTube should be referenced as a webpage.

Geisler, R. (Producer), & Malick, T. (Director). (1998). The thin red line. [Video]. California, CA: 20th Century  Fox  Home Entertainment. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCmlOhsIwBk

In text citation  (Geisler & Malick, 1998)

Sandberg, S. (2010, December 21). Why we have too few women leaders [Video]. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/sheryl_sandberg_why_we_have_too_few_women_leaders.html

In text citation (Sandberg, 2010)

Leelefever. (2007, May 29). Talking in plain English [Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dnL00TdmLY

In text citation  (Leeleferver, 2007)  


Streaming Video (e.g. Kanopy database videos)

Channel 1 (Producer). (2008). Non verbal communication. [Streaming video]. Retrieved from Kanopy Video Streaming database. 

In text citation (Channel 1, 2008)



Soils. (1999). Geographica on CD ROM. [CD ROM]. Melbourne, Australia: Random House.

In text citation ("Soils," 1999)


Things to remember

Authors' names : Use the Producer and the Director of a film in the place of the authors.


Dates of Films :Dates for films should be the date of first release, not when the video/DVD was published.


Italics : Only the film title or title of the CD-ROM should be in italics. 


Capitalization : The first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalized as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle.  Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals.