Referencing Magazines, Newspapers and Online News Sources
At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a reference list containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.
For how to handle multiple authors, see 'Referencing Books'.
Article from a magazine
Gamble, K. (2020, May). An elevated exchange. Landscape, 166, 18-25.
If paraphrasing: (Gamble, 2020) If quoting: (Gamble, 2020, p. 19)
Luscombe, B. (2020, June 12). Jacinda Ardern helped New Zealand beat coronavirus: Next up - getting re-elected. Time. https://time.com/5852567/new-zealand-coronavirus-jacinda-ardern-election/
(If your magazine article doesn't have a volume number, you can omit it from the reference. If your magazine article has a DOI, add the DOI after the page numbers instead of the URL)
If paraphrasing: (Luscombe, 2020) If quoting: (Luscombe, 2020, p. 29)
Article from a newspaper
Morton, J. (2020, August 4). NZ facing 'extreme' climate risk: 'Urgent action' needed now say experts. The New Zealand Herald, A8.
If paraphrasing: (Morton, 2020) If quoting: (Morton, 2020, p. A8)
Online article from an online version of a newspaper (e.g. New Zealand Herald, Sydney Morning Herald)
Savage, J. (2020, June 22). NZ police seize $140 million from Russian 'computer genius' Alexander Vinnik. The New Zealand Herald. https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12339302
If paraphrasing: (Savage, 2020) If quoting: (Savage, 2020, p. B7)
Online article from a news website (e.g. CNN, BBC News, Stuff, Newsroom)
Fonseeka, D. (2020, June 24). Auckland light rail put on ice. Newsroom.
If paraphrasing: (Fonseeka, 2020) If quoting: (Fonseeka, 2020)
Electronic version taken from a subscription database (e.g. Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre)
Marin, L. (2020, May 8). Planning under way for new level of healthcare. Dominion Post. 4.
If paraphrasing: (Marin, 2020) If quoting: (Marin, 2020, p. 4)
Look at the Missing Details tab for how to handle this.
Authors' names : Authors names should always be Surname, Initial. Initial. e.g. Smith, L. M.
Multiple authors: The same rules apply as for books.
Italics : Only the magazine or newspaper title and the volume number should be in italics.
Capitalization : For the article title, the first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalized as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle. Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals. For a newspaper or magazine title, all major words need to be capitalized.
Date : In addition to putting in the year an article is published you may need to put in the month and day of publication. The formate must alway be (Year, Month day).
Splitting a URL : If your URL needs to be split do not insert a hyphen. Break the URL before a punctuation mark. Do not add a full stop at the end of URL as this may appear to be part of the URL and cause retrieval problems.
Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen. If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation.
For example you read an article by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor "Ian Taylor's influential analysis (1971) in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control..."
If you have not read the item by Taylor you would reference the Sandvoss article.
Sandvoss, C. (2003). A game of two halves: Football, television and globalization. Journal of Football Societies, 34(3), 1-8.
In text citation (as cited in Sandvoss, 2003, p. 2)