APA 6th referencing

A guide to APA referencing (6th edition). APA stands for American Psychological Association


At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a reference list containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.

Note: Reports may include government, corporate or organizational report.



Ministry of Health. (2008). Let's get real: Real skills for people working in mental health and addiction. Wellington, New Zealand: Author.

In text citation (Ministry of Health, 2008)



Ministry of Health. (2008). Let's get real: Real skills for people working in mental health and addiction. Wellington, New Zealand: Author. Retrieved from http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/lets-get-real-real-skills-people-working-mental-health-and-addiction

In text citation (Ministry of Health, 2008)



Else, A. (1997). Maori participation and performance in education: A literature review and research programme. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Education. Retrieved from http://edcounts.squiz.net.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/7505/else-maori-summary.pdf

In text citation (Else, 1997)



Heritage Mining. (1993). Annual report 1992. Auckland, New Zealand: Author

In text citation (Heritage Mining, 1993)



World Health Organization. (2003). Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. (WHO Techical Report series 916). Geneva, Switzerland: Author.

In text citation (World Health Organization, 2003)

Things to remember

Authors' names : Authors' names should always be Surname, Initial. Initial.  e.g. Smith, L. M.

Reports can be produced by an organisation or Government department, without naming individual people.  You should use the organization or department name in place of the author


Multiple authors: The same rules apply as for books


Italics : Only the report title should be in italics.  If you are referencing a chapter in a book, the title of the chapter should not be in italics.


Capitalization : The first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalized as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle.  Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals.


Splitting a URL : If your URL needs to be split do not insert a hyphen. Break the URL before a punctuation mark.  Do not add a full stop at the end of URL as this may appear to be part of the URL and cause retrieval problems.


Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen.  If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation.

For example you read a book by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor "Ian Taylor's influential analysis (1971) in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control..."

If you have not read the item by Taylor you would reference the Sandvoss book.

Sandvoss, C. (2003). A game of two halves: Football, television and globalization. London: Routledge.

In text citation (as cited in Sandvoss, 2003, p. 2)