APA referencing 7th edition

A guide to APA referencing (7th edition). APA stands for American Psychological Association

Referencing Legal Material

Guidelines in the APA manual relate to American legislation and it is not possible to use this format for other countries legal material. See the examples below for the library's suggestion on how to cite and reference New Zealand and other country’s legislation. 
Please contact you lecturer to see if they wish you to use another form of reference for New Zealand legal material

Statute/Act

Whole Statute/Act

Reference List

Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism Act 2009.
http://legislation.govt.nz/act/public/2009/0035/latest/DLM2140720.html?search=ts_act_terrorism_resel_25_a&p=1

In text citation 

If paraphrasing:  (Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism Act 2009)       If quoting:  (Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism Act 2009, s.19d)

(For multiple sections, use 'ss.' instead of 's.') 

 

Section of a Statute/Act

(The entry in the reference list is the same as the whole statute.  Put the relevant section number in the in-text citation)

Reference List

Building Act 2004. https://legislation.govt.nz/act/public/2004/0072/latest/DLM306036.html?search=ts_act_building+act_resel_25_a&p=1

In-text citation  (Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism Act 2009, s. 87A)       

(For multiple sections, use 'ss.' instead of 's.') 

 

Bill

Whole Bill

Reference List

Gas (Information Disclosure and Penalties) Amendment Bill 2020 (224-1)). 
http://legislation.govt.nz/bill/government/2020/0224/latest/LMS281538.html?search=ta_bill_G_bc%40bcur_an%40bn%40rn_25_a&p=1

In-text citation 

If paraphrasing:  (Gas (Information Disclosure and Penalities) Amendment Bill 2020 (224-1))       If quoting:  (Gas (Information Disclosure and Penalities) Amendment Bill 2020 (224-1), cl. 23)

(For multiple clauses, use 'cls.' instead of 'cl.')

 

Clause of a Bill

Reference List

Screen Industry Workers Bill 2020 (219-2).  http://www.legislation.govt.nz/bill/government/2020/0219/latest/LMS230343.html

In-text citation  (Screen Industry Workers Bill 2020 (219-2), cl. 23)       

(For multiple clauses, use 'cls.' instead of 'cl.')

Case

Case information should contain the parties names (in italics) the year of reporting (in [] brackets) and the case subject abbreviation and number

New Zealand Law Reports NZLR
New Zealand Tax Cases NZTC
New Zealand Employment Law Cases NZELC
New Zealand Company Law Reports NZCLR
New Zealand Business Cases NZBC

 

Business or Tax Case

Reference List

Ling vs YL NZ Investment Ltd (2018) 28 NZTC 23-057.

In-text citation (Ling vs YL NZ Investment Ltd, 2018).

 

District Court, Court of Appeal, High Court or Supreme Court Case

Reference List

Cambridge Homes Holdings Ltd v Kenna [2019] NZHC 1922. 

In text citation (Cambridge Homes Holdings Ltd v Kenna, 2019).

 

Government or Council Codes (e.g. parts of the New Zealand Building Code)

Reference List

Verification Methods E2/VM1 and Acceptable Solutions E2/AS1, E2/AS2 and E2/AS3: For New Zealand Building Code clause E2 External Moisture (Amendment 10) 2020. https://www.building.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/building-code-compliance/e-moisture/e2-external-moisture/asvm/e2-external-moisture-3rd-edition-amendment-10.pdf

(Notes: 1) There is no author, even when hosted on a government website; 2) The date is included as part of the title; 3) There are no italics at all)

In-text citation

If paraphrasing:  (Verification Methods E2/VM1 and Acceptable Solution E2/AS1, E2/AS2 and E2/AS3 2020)       If quoting:  (Verification Methods E2/VM1 and Acceptable Solution E2/AS1, E2/AS2 and E2/AS3 2020, s. 23)

(For multiple sections, use 'ss.' instead of 's.') 

Standards

Online from the 'New Zealand Standards Online' database that Unitec Library subscribes to.

Reference List

Standards New Zealand. (2013). Conditions of contract for building and civil engineering construction (NZS 3910:2013). https://www.standards.govt.nz/shop/nzs-39102013/

(Note: To get the correct URL, search for the Standard on a Search Engine (e.g. Google) and use that URL).  

In-text citation 

If paraphrasing:  (Standards New Zealand, 2013)       If quoting:  (Standards New Zealand, 2013, p. 37)

 

Reference List

Standards Australia & Standards New Zealand. (2014). The storage and handling of LPG gas (AS/NZS 1596:2014). https://www.standards.govt.nz/shop/asnzs-15962014/

(Note: To get the correct URL, search for the Standard on a Search Engine (e.g. Google) and use that URL).

In-text citation 

If paraphrasing:  (Standards Australia & Standards New Zealand, 2014)       If quoting:  (Standards Australia & Standards New Zealand, 2014, p. 68)

 

Online - freely available (e.g. MBIE sponsored standards)

Reference List

Standards New Zealand. (2011). Timber-framed buildings (NZS 3604:2011). 
https://www.standards.govt.nz/sponsored-standards/building-standards/nzs3604/

In-text citation (Standards New Zealand, 2011).

If paraphrasing:  (Standards New Zealand, 2011)       If quoting:  (Standards New Zealand, 2011, p. 13)

Things to remember

Italics :  The names of the parties involved in a case should be in Italics

 

Capitalization : Captialise each word of the title of a Statute/Act or a Bill.

 

Splitting a URL : If your URL needs to be split do not insert a hyphen. Break the URL before a punctuation mark.  Do not add a full stop at the end of URL as this may appear to be part of the URL and cause retrieval problems.